His Most Famous Painting (The Raising of the Cross) – Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens (born June 28, 1577) was one of the most charismatic and influential Flemish painters of the ‘Renaissance’ period. His bold interpretation of the mythological stories and their dramatic rendition on the canvas made him a pioneer in the ‘European’ style of painting. Peter had adopted the ‘Baroque’ style of painting, exuberating struggle and drama. He personified allegorical characters and rendered them on canvas, depicting their trauma, emotional struggle, and their sheer bravery, as is best evident in his “The Raising of the Cross” or “The Elevation of the Cross,” which depicted the last stages of Jesus Christ during his crucifixion. Paul Rubens created this painting after his return to Flanders from Italy. Created during 1610-11, “The Elevation of the Cross” is a triptych panel painting. A triptych is divided into three sections, with each one symbolizing a story.

In “The Raising of the Cross” however, Rubens highlighted only one storyline, that regarding the ‘Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.’ The middle section of “The Raising of The Cross” is much dramatic and tensed, as it shows nine executioners raising the body of the Christ. Rubens’ influence of other Italian ‘Renaissance’ painters, such as Tintoretto and Michelangelo is evident in the painting. There is a dynamic usage of colors and the executioners are shown with seminude muscular bodies. The most distinct feature of this panel painting was the way Christ was lifted in a diagonal manner, which manifests Caravaggio’s influence on Peter Paul. Caravaggio’s painting titled ‘Entombment’ was similar in nature as the high and the fall of the subject was of prime importance. The other two sections display the emotional pandemonium that occurred when Christ was crucified. One section displays the mournful Virgin Mary, John the Evangelist, and the followers of Christ. The despondent environment revolving around the death of Christ is palpable in this section of Paul’s painting. The other section displays the royal monarchs in their grandiose nobility who witness the Crucifixion of Christ with much sinister pleasure. This section also portrays the Crucifixion of other two Jewish thieves. The outer sections of the triptych depict saints, such as Saints Amand, Walpurgis, Eligius, and Catherine of Alexandria.

French Rulers confiscated Peter’s 15′ x 11′ painting in 1794 and fled with it to Paris. After the fall of the great ruler Napoleon, the painting was returned to the Cathedral of Our Lady, Antwerp, where it resides until date. Rubens demonstrated his artistic brilliance with an excellent capture of drama, mournful silence, and rich nobility that revolved around the death of Christ. Through “The Raising of the Cross,” Paul Rubens definitely capitalized his knowledge of ‘Renaissance’ painting with much ingenuity and innovation. This triptych, relating the tale of the magnanimity of Jesus Christ, is considered a brilliant exemplary of the ‘European’ artistry.

Source by Annette Labedzki

Some National Historic Landmarks In Kenya

Most of the Natural landmarks in Kenya date back to the ancient period. Some historic landmarks are natural while others are man-made. The following are some of the important natural historic landmarks in Kenya.

1. The Menengai Crater located in the Great Rift Valley is so impressive to visit. This crater, which is about 12 kilometers wide and 500m high is an incredible site for mountain hikers. The local people believe the crater hosts evil spirits. A part from this, the crater was a battle field for the Masai and the Ilaikipiak communities. The crater was a grave site for those men defeated in battle.

2. The Mau Mau caves in the Abedare National Park were the hiding place for the freedom fighters during the colonial rule. Mau Mau refers to the Kikuyu warriors who rebelled harsh rules from the white people. They spent most of their time in the forest to avoid from killed by armed white soldiers. Many Mau Mau fighters lost their lives in a rebellion war in 1959. Some of the Mau Mau leaders were the late Fred Kubai, Dedan Kimathi and many others.

3. Mount Kenya (5,199m) is the second highest peak in Africa and Kenya’s highest peak. The free-standing mountain is situated in the Central province just near the equator. This mountain has three peaks namely, Batian, Nelion and Lenana. The highest peak is only reached by technical climbers. The other two peaks are easy for any mountain climber. Mount Kenya snow-capped on its peak all the year-round. This mountain was a sacred place for Kikuyu community who strongly believed that their God (Ngai) lived on the mountain. A part from climbing the mountain, this is an ideal place for game viewing and bird watching.

4. The old Fort Jesus in Mombasa was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century. This building was a port and slavery trading center. The rule over the Indian Ocean coast line was from different nationality such as the Arabs, Portuguese and the British. Today, this building is used as a museum where historic artifacts, crafts and pictures are displayed.

5. Kenya is known as the “Cradle of Mankind”. Over 200 fossils of the early man were discovered by the Leakey’s on the Olduvai Gorge in Turkana region. This is the home to the Turkana and the Masai community who are famous for maintaining their cultures.

6. Lake Victoria in East Africa is the second largest fresh water lake in the world and the largest in Africa. Shared between the three East African countries, this lake is ideal for fishing. Lake Victoria is the source of river Nile.

7. Mombasa is the second largest town in Kenya. It is a beautiful and busy shopping center, especially for visitors travelling to the coastal sand beaches along the Indian Ocean coastline. Swahili is the most commonly used language and English is also widely spoken by the local people. Mombasa has a mixture of foreign and local culture and majority of the people are Muslims.

8. Nairobi is the capital city of Kenya. It is a business center with government buildings such as the Parliament, State House and the Kenyatta International Conference Center (KICC). The Uhuru Park, Nairobi University and the Nairobi Museum are all situated in Nairobi.

Source by Jackline Mwathe

A Male Chastity Guide For Modern Couples

Hi. My name is Mistress Sara, and I am the author of Beautiful Enslavement, a comprehensive male chastity guide for modern couples. Over the years I’ve helped dozens of couples incorporate male chastity and male chastity belt devices into their marriage. I’ve done so because this lifestyle has proven to be the right choice for most couples – particularly if they are having problems in their relationship.

My feeling is that most relationship problems develop because the male partner has no self-control. This means that even though he wants to stay committed to you, he will waste his time and energy masturbating – sometimes as much as 10 times a week. This means less intimacy for his wife, and his own personal embarrassment at behaving like a little boy instead of a grown man.

This creates a dynamic where the wife begins to resent her husband, and the husband starts to take her for granted and blames her for his own lack of self-control. Male chastity fixes this problem. By making it impossible for him to masturbate or have an affair, intimacy and honesty are brought back into the marriage.

Many people are curious about the male chastity lifestyle, but are put off at first because they don’t understand exactly how it works. Therefore, I’d like to take some time to go over the basics of male chastity. Obviously I can’t cover everything here; but this should give you enough information for you to decide if you want to learn more about how this wonderful lifestyle can improve your marriage.

When you enter into male chastity, you’ll have to purchase a male chastity cage or tube for your husband. This will prevent him from being able to get an erection or achieve orgasm. He will also have to sit down to urinate.

Then, he will be required to earn the right to have you unlock him when you feel that he deserves masculine release. During the period that he is wearing the belt, he will have to do things to please you in order to earn this right.

In other words, he’ll have to find ways to satisfy you sexually – without his penis. This can lead to hours of oral sex and multiple orgasms for you. He’ll also have to help out more around the house and become more romantic.

He’ll gladly agree to all of this because what men want most on this earth is the right to orgasm. Initially you will probably only have him locked up for a few days at a time. Later you’ll have him locked up for a week or more.

Eventually, the ideal situation is that he achieves 12 or less orgasms a year – meaning you’ll let him out to play once every four to six weeks.

This will stop his masturbation habit, keep him from looking at porn and ensure that he remains faithful to you. But, he will benefit as well. He will be constantly turned on and when you do let him out, he’ll have the best orgasms of his life.

You, on the other hand, will feel like princess. Remember how you felt during your initial courtship? That’s the man who will suddenly come back into your life.

Of course, it will take effort on your part. It’s not simply a matter of locking him up. You’ll have to be very affectionate with him so that he feels loved and wanted. You’ll need to praise him when he does a good job. And, you’ll probably have to clean the family jewels for him – otherwise, he’d take that chance of freedom to masturbate.

But all this effort will be worth it when you see the direct benefits to your marriage and over time, your husband will be delighted that you took the active role to keep him under lock and key.

Source by Sara L. Collins